City and Borough of Juneau
155 S. Seward Street
Juneau, Alaska 99801
tel. 907-586-5240
fax 907-586-5385
http://www.juneau.org

Historic Preservation in Juneau

Glossary Of Terms

Certified Local Government (CLG):
The CLG program is a partnership between the state historic preservation office and local jurisdictions which meet national and state requirements for certification. It is part of the nationwide program established by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 to preserve historic properties including buildings, structures, sites, neighborhoods, and other places of importance in the historical and cultural life of the nation.

Cultural and /or Historic Resource:
Buildings, structures, sites, objects which provide evidence of the pre-history and history of the community.

Historic Context (as defined for eligibility for listing on the National Register of Historic Places):
Information about historic trends and properties grouped by an important theme in the prehistory or history of a community, state, or the nation during a particular period of time. Historic contexts are organized by theme, place, and time, and link properties to important historic trends.

Historic Integrity (per National Register criteria):
The authenticity of a property’s historic identity, evidenced by the survival of physical characteristics that existed during the property’s period of significance. These characteristics include integrity of location, design, setting, materials, workmanship, feeling, and association.

Historic Preservation:
The protection of a property or site to save its historic character.

Historic Property:
Building, site, district, object, or structure evaluated as historically significant.

Historic Resources Advisory Committee (HRAC):
The local historic preservation commission for the CLG consists of seven members with the following positions; an architect, a licensed contractor, an historian, an archaeologist, a person knowledgeable in the customs and language of the Tlingit and Haida people, an owner of locally recognized historic property, and a member of the general public. The duties of the HRAC are; to review and make recommendations about local projects that might affect properties identified in the local historic preservation plan; to review and develop nominations to the National Register of Historic Places; and to cooperate and consult with the Juneau historic district commission, the planning commission, the design review board, and the Alaska State Historic Preservation Officer on matters concerning historical districts and historic, prehistoric, and archaeological preservation.

Historic Significance (per National Register criteria):
The importance of a property to the history, architecture, archaeology, engineering, or culture of a community, state, or nation. Historic significance is achieved in meeting one or more of the following criteria:

  1. Association with events that have made a significant contribution to the broad patterns of our history;

  2. Association with the lives of persons significant in our past;

  3. Embodiment of the distinctive characteristics of a type, period, or method of construction or that represent the work of a master, or that possess high artistic values, or that represent a significant and distinguishable entity whose components may lack individual distinction; or

  4. Yielded, or potential to yield, information important in prehistory or history.

Memorandum of Understanding (MOU):
A document which when signed by cooperating parties will set the stage for project review early in the planning stages to assure the least impacts to historic and cultural resources.

National Register of Historic Places:
The National Register is the official Federal list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects significant in American history, architecture, archaeology, engineering, and culture. These contribute to an understanding of the historical and cultural foundations of the Nation. The National Register nomination process is outlined in Appendix H.

Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA):
A federal act to provide for the protection of Native American grave sites and the repatriation of sacred objects.

Office of History and Archaeology (OHA):
The primary office in the state with expertise in historic preservation. OHA provides statewide leadership in advocating and carrying out the identification, evaluation registration, and protection of historic and archaeological properties in Alaska and provides staff assistance to the Alaska Historical Commission.

Rehabilitation:
Adapting an historic property for contemporary use while preserving the features significant to its historic, architectural, and cultural values.

Section 106:
Under the National Historic Preservation Act, Section 106 provides that any federal agency having direct or indirect jurisdiction over a proposed federal or federally assisted or federally permitted undertaking must take into account the effect of the undertaking on any district, site, building, structure, or object that is included in or eligible for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places. The Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, an independent federal agency, must be given the opportunity to comment with regard to such undertaking.

Stabilization:
The process of making an historic property that is unsafe and deteriorated, stable and weather resistant.

State Historic Preservation Officer (SHPO):
Established by the National Historic Preservation Act, the SHPO is appointed by the Governor to carry out the historic preservation program including recommending properties for nomination to the National Register of Historic Places.



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