The Climate Action Plan's goal is to reduce community-wide greenhouse gas emissions 25% by 2032.
The Climate Action Plan identifies the top actions that the CBJ and community can take to reduce energy use and greenhouse gas emissions for Juneau. The list is not prioritized or inclusive of all possible actions, but rather includes actions that can be completed in the next five years and will have the greatest impact on reducing energy use and emissions in Juneau.
Support existing state and federal weatherization programs for homes and public buildings.
As of the end of 2010, 455 Juneau home owners had completed the Alaska Housing and Finance Corporation Home Energy Rebate Program and 607 home owners were working on energy retrofits. On average, homes completed see a reduction in energy use of 12,000 pounds CO2 per year. The State allocated $37.5 million to fund the rebate program for the 2011-2012 fiscal year.
Provide new local programs for weatherization, energy efficient upgrades, and new renewable energy systems for commercial, rental housing, or multi-family buildings.
• Energy efficiency rebate for commercial, rental, non-profit, and industrial buildings.
• Property tax exemptions.
Update the local building code.
Increase energy efficiency requirements for all new commercial and residential buildings. Currently the CBJ is enforcing the requirements of the 2006 International Residential Code. Adopting the 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) would lead to an estimated 30% reduction in energy use in new buildings and could be applied to both residential and commercial structures (Marquam George, Personal Communication October 20, 2011).
Encourage federal, state, and local government agencies to conserve energy and increase energy efficiency in buildings and operations, share information and expertise on weatherization, energy efficient technology, and take a leadership role in reducing local energy use.
Currently, each level of government has been working to decrease energy used for buildings and operations. Additional actions for CBJ include:
• Holding regular meetings that bring together private business, university, federal, state and local agency personnel working on energy efficiency and renewable energy systems to share information and expertise and to find areas for collaboration.
• Requiring the completion of life cycle energy audits and cost analyses prior to retrofitting CBJ buildings.
• Implementing recommended retrofits and improvements to CBJ buildings identified through energy audits.
Partner with the University and non-profits.
Develop local professional expertise in weatherization, energy efficient systems, and new energy saving technology by providing opportunities for CBJ personnel and contractors to receive installation and maintenance training. This expertise is needed to support the operation of new energy efficient systems and could be a growth sector for the community. Multi-agency collaboration on training could lead to additional funding opportunities.
Support energy efficiency and renewable energy pilot projects in Juneau.
These projects will gather good Juneau-specific data on new and changing technologies such as solar, wind, and geothermal, in order to be better prepared for the economics of tomorrow. These projects could have an educational component and be associated with local schools where data is gathered on the effectiveness of various technologies in Juneau.
Inform residents of existing incentives for and energy cost savings related to energy efficient vehicles; provide local incentives for the purchase of fuel efficient vehicles.
The current average overall fuel efficiency for vehicles on the road is 20 mpg. Incentives could be put in place for vehicles that meet target fuel efficiency (such as greater than 40 mpg).
Evaluate the assembly-adopted 2008 Transit Development Plan.
Determine which actions will garner the greatest reductions in GHG emissions and energy use. The plan recommends that CBJ consider limiting future fleet purchases to alternative fuel vehicles such as hybrid-electric vehicles. Consider, for example, adding a hybrid-electric bus for the downtown circular loop.
Improve the Cross-Juneau Bikeway as described in the assembly-adopted 2009 Juneau Non-Motorized Transportation Plan.
Bring each route segment up to standard; add consistent signage and produce a route map for visitors and residents; make the route a priority for year round maintenance, sweeping, and snow removal; and in the long term develop a separated path from Sunny Point to Vanderbilt Hill to bypass Lemon Creek.
Coordinate with the Juneau Commission on Sustainability and the CBJ Green Team.
Implement a public outreach and education campaign. Educate local businesses and homeowners on the potential benefits and energy savings from energy conservation and upgrading to more energy efficient systems. Develop a website that provides information on energy conservation and energy efficiency and connects residents and business owners to local services and expertise. Institute an annual award program that recognizes local businesses and individuals who help further the goals of the Climate Action Plan.
Allocate CBJ staff and resources to implement the Climate Action Plan.
Given current budget constraints, tasks could be assigned to several existing CBJ staff, the Juneau Commission on Sustainability, and the CBJ Green Team. When economic conditions change and the CBJ budget allows, an Energy Manager could be hired to provide leadership on energy conservation and GHG reductions. The savings that would result from increased energy efficiency in CBJ buildings and operations could defray or fully cover the cost of the position.
Develop an Energy Plan for Juneau.
This plan would identify and evaluate the technical and economic feasibility of renewable energy sources (including hydroelectric, biomass, solar, tidal, and wind) that will be available to meet the community’s future need. The Energy Plan will need to be flexible enough to respond to changing conditions and will need to examine the full range of renewable energy options and the relative costs. Completion of an Energy Plan would require input from other levels of government and the private sector.